Democratic Republic of Congo



Democratic Republic of Congo



Democratic Republic of Congo



Democratic Republic of Congo


Democratic Republic of Congo travel advice, map of the DRC, top DRC travel experiences, and tips for travel to the Democratic Republic of Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo, also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa, or simply the Congo, is the southernmost country located in Central Africa. It is sometimes referred to by its former name Zaire, which was its official name between 1971 and 1997.

Musana tours and travel offer Mountain Gorilla Trekking and Lowland Gorilla Trekking, Nyiragongo Volcano Trekking in eastern democratic republic of Congo.

If you’re a longtime lover of Africa, sick of safaris and savannah tours, this is time to add a stamp to the Democratic Republic of Congo to your passport. After years of war and bloodshed, the region’s doors are slowly opening up to tourism, thanks mainly to the high profile conservation of the western mountain gorillas in the virunga national park.

Virunga National Park

Virunga National Park is one of the most biologically diverse protected areas on the planet. Half of all the biodiversity in sub-Saharan Africa can be found in Virunga.

The park is also a geologic wonder and contains two of the world’s most active volcanoes. For much of its long history, though, Virunga National Park has been severely threatened by armed conflict. Thanks to the dedication of the park’s rangers and wardens, Virunga has been able to survive.

Certain politicians, the European Union, conservationists, philanthropists, and private donors have also played a vital role in Virunga’s survival.

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Serious warning

Deep rural DRC is dotted with armies, rebel groups and simple bandits, the major roads are routinely washed out and only the most intrepid of travelers would ignore such travel advice against unguarded rural travel.

Thanks to years of conflict and instability, DRC doesn’t offer much in the way of large-scale cultural events or festivals. However, as with any other destination, daily life can be as lively and momentous as staged theatrics, so make time to visit local sports matches, concerts and art exhibitions in the cities you visit, and keep an eye out for surprise dances and music in rural areas.

The capital Kinshasa was founded in 1881 as a trading post by Henry Morton Stanley (and called Leopoldville) next to a tiny fishing village. Now it has grown to accommodate about ten million people, and is the second-largest francophone city in the world (after Paris).

It's a surprising city, set on the River Congo and looking across to Brazzaville, the capital of the Republic of the Congo. This is the intellectual heart of the country, with three universities, and though it does attract the best musicians and artists, its affluent residential areas are outnumbered by sprawling, miserable slums.

The city's sophistication ends with the tarmac though, and that's not far out from the center. Independence from Belgium was followed by the crazed dictatorship of Mobutu Sese Seko wazabanga: various wars meant there were and are still a lot of functioning guns in circulation. Despite UN initiatives and various ceasefires the country is basically ungoverned.

The only visitors to towns such as Goma and Bukavu are aid workers and they fly in: the roads are generally impassable. This is a shame. Very vast by African standards, the country has mineral wealth and natural beauty. It has the second-largest rainforest in the world (after the Amazon) rising up to the mountains of the east.

There are about five UNESCO biospheres and huge tracts of equatorial jungle but the biggest part of the country remains unexplored. Pack a copy of Joseph Conrad's classic Heart of Darkness, visit your embassy for up-to-date info, and your love of adventure – and look forward to a memorable journey into Africa’s unexplored center – the DRC

    Activities you must look out to in the DRC

  • Climb Nyiragongo Volcano. Towering over the city of Goma, this spectacular natural wonder last erupted in May 2021. the lava lake at the top is not recommended for swimming in – it may be spectacular, but it’s also deadly
  • Track Gorillas. A momentous effort has been made to open up the Virungas National park with its resident mountain gorillas. Gorilla tracking here is a rather wilder experience than across the border in Rwanda’s volcanoes national park and Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable Forest national park: they have lodges! It’s hoped that gorilla tracking will provide a boost to international confidence in DRC and protect those gorillas that have survived years of human conflict.
  • Cross the River. Packed to within an inch of its life, a public ferry commutes Kinshasa to Brazzaville, giving you the chance to get another exotic passport stamp just a step away. Don't get stranded though: it stops running in the afternoon, never runs on Sundays, and sometimes just stops running at all

Musana travel advice if you are going to DR Congo.

All border crossings can close without notice and that includes Kinshasa's airport and the ferry to Brazzaville.

The DRC isn’t the destination of choice for relaxing breaks or momentous cultural awakenings, but if you are looking for adventure you may get too much.

While in Kinshasa beware of armed robbers, sometimes disguising as as policemen.

    Democratic Republic of the Congo – vital stats

  • Capital of DRC: Kinshasa:
  • Population of DRC: 92,126,284 (2021)
  • Languages in DRC: French (official), Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba
  • Time in DRC: GMT +1
  • International dialing code in DRC: +243
  • Voltage in DRC: 220V 50Hz
  • Visas in DRC: UK nationals require visas. Visa information
  • Money in DRC: Congolese franc (CDF), currently around CDF1,980 to the USD. There are not many banks and ATMS in the country and few places accept traveler’s cheques or credit cards.
  • DRC travel advice: Foreign & Commonwealth Office

When to go to DRC

Due to the size and topography of DRC, the climate varies greatly. The southern highlands tend to be cooler and drier than the hot and muggy equatorial river basin. North of the equator, the wet season runs April to October, and the dry season from December to February.

Further south, the wet season falls November to March, and the dry from April to October. Plan carefully, as temperature and rainfall can be extreme.

    International airport

  • Kinshasa International Airport (FIH), 15km from the city.
  • Goma international airport

Getting around DRC

Getting around the city centers is relatively easy, with buses and taxis serving as simple (yet often rickety) internal public transport. Traveling outside of DRC’s main cities is, however, a different story. Roads and bridges have often washed out and even main routes are often completely impassable.

Added to this is the fact that independent overland travel through rural areas can be incredibly dangerous thanks to continued instability and lawlessness. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office advises strongly against all but essential travel: travel with guides, guards, and a large amount of caution.

DRC Accommodation

Top end accommodation (US$200+) in DRC’s main cities is generally very good quality, with rigorous security, clean rooms, and a wide range of food and drink options.

Lower price hotels and hostels are, as a rule, harder to come by – especially if you’re looking for value for money and somewhere secure to store your backpack.

Contact our travel assistant for accommodation tips, and go with an open mind.

DRC food & drink

As with most African destinations, buying ‘street food’ is the simplest and most economical way of feeding yourself. By sticking to local dishes, you’ll be eating fresher food, gaining the respect of the locals, and – until you’ve mastered the messy art of eating fufu or ugali and stew with your fingers – providing the dinnertime entertainment.

The main fare is fufu, or ugali, served with a spicy stew. For the European palette, this often takes a while to adjust to but in rural areas there’s little alternative.

Kwanga, a type of fermented bread, is also a staple, as is lituma, a dish of mashed plantain. Fish is plentiful thanks to the River Congo, and goat, although a delicacy is the most common meat.

Enquire about food options in the Congo; remember to specify your destination.

Health & safety in DRC

Our on ground teams will always provide updated information about health and safety in the DRC, before making any plans TALK TO US as the stability and safety can alter at incredibly short notice. If traveling overland over borders consult be careful to exercise caution at all times.

Armed gangs and rebel armies make overland travel extremely hazardous and the state of the roads can make it impossible. There have been outbreaks of plague, Ebola and the most current Covid-19 and hospital facilities, outside the capital or major towns like Goma, are extremely limited.

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